World War II Era (1939 – 1945 CE)

1939

  • September 3: Britain declares war on Germany
  • September 4: Alan Turing reports for duty at the Government Code & Cipher School in Bletchley Park.
  • December 22: Ma Rainey dies of a heart attack.

1940

1941

  • Willem Arondeus begins an underground periodical as part of the Dutch Resistance.

1943

  • Allied forces invade Sicily, storing munitions in the Addaura Cave. Some of the stored ammunition explodes, exposing previously undiscovered prehistoric rock art.
  • Willem Arondeus joins force with another underground publication in order to increase their circulation.
  • March 27: Willem Arondeus leads the bombing of the Amsterdam Public Records Office, in order to hinder Nazi efforts to root out Jews in the area.
  • July 1: Willem Arondeus is executed by Nazis. His last words are: “Let it be known that homosexuals are not cowards.”

1945

  • Alan Turing begins working on the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE).
  • Christine Jorgensen — still living as a man — graduates high school and joins the Army — serving during the end of World War II.
  • Willem Arondeus is awarded a posthumous medal and buried at Erebegraafplaats Bloemendaal.